Loops are formed by the ridge lines on the pulp of the fingers. Loops are seen on the fingers and may also be seen on various places on the palm.
Types of loops:
Rajah, seriousness, humour, imagination, memory, royalty, power, courage, musical genius, nature and rhythm.
Loop of royalty/ rajah: This loop is located between the Jupiter and Saturn mounts
Loop of seriousness: This loop is located between the Saturn and Apollo mounts. The person will take matters seriously
Loop of humor: This loop is located directly between Mercury and Apollo fingers. The person has a good sense of humor and one who enjoys laughter.
Loop of imagination: A whorl in the same area is an even stronger sign of imagination and a show the sign of lunar influences
Loop of courage: This is located on the lower mars. Loop of memory: This may be at the end of the head line.
Loop of rhythm/music: this loop is found in the lower part of mount of Venus. The loop enhances the power of music or performing art.
Jupiter Finger: The index or first finger, associated with ego and personal standing in the world.
Mercury finger: The little finger, it represents communication.
Saturn finger: The middle finger, associated with responsibility and security.
Apollo finger: The ring finger, associated with creativity and personal satisfaction.
Thumb: The seat of willpower, logic, and desire.
Phalanges: A section found between finger joints.
Conic Fingers: Refers to the cone shape of the fingers indicating artistic appreciation or qualities.
Knotty fingers: Enlarged knuckles. Indicates a type of blockage or constriction in the flow of energy indicating the person has a tendency to stop and think about decisions before applying them.
Travel lines: Lines that are found across the base of the palm representing journeys. These show the desire to travel.
Mars line: A line that appears inside and parallel to the life line, giving secondary protection.
Doubled lines: Such lines can show split energies. They can also show a doubling of energy. This line could also indicate a double emotions, such as hot and cold emotions in a double heart line.
Effort lines: Arising from the life line in an upward direction.
Attachment lines/Marriage line: This line is known as the line of union or the line of relationship. These horizontal lines are found at the base of the mount of Mercury.
Children lines: Vertical lines found on the base of the mount of Mercury. Some books suggest more prominent line for boy and lighter for girl, but this is not true as development of society shows the any child can be stronger and successful.
Line of intuition: A secondary marking found curving on the ulnar aspect of the hand. It reveals acute powers of perception and intuition.
Simian line: The head and heart line are merged together to make a single line. It denotes emotional intensity or a genetic anomaly.
Healing lines: Little vertical lines found between mount of Mercury and Apollo called Medical stigmata.
Medical stigmata: These vertical lines are observed in medical professionals and healers.
Military stigmata: Some special lines at the base of the thumb on lower Mars also observed in military professionals.
Mounts of the hand
Mount of Jupiter: The mount beneath the Jupiter finger. Its development reveals one's sense of self-worth and authority
Mount of Luna: The mount at the base of the hand, it reveals creativity.
Mount of Neptune: Located at the base of the palm in the centre, between the mounts of Luna and Venus.
Mount of Saturn: Located beneath the Saturn finger, this mount reveals that the individual is conscientious and can dealing with difficulties.
Mount of Venus: The mount at the base of the thumb, symbolizing vitality and sexuality.
Mount of Sun: Located beneath the ring finger/ sun finger, it determines the potential for fame and fortune.
Mount of Neptune: The area of mount between Venus and Pluto.
Mount of Pluto: The area just below the mount of Moon.
Mount of Mars (negative): Located at the center of the percussion, above the Luna mount, this mount reveals integrity and endurance.
Mount of Mars (positive): Situated between the thumb and the mount of Jupiter, this mount represents courage and/or aggression.
Apex of the mounts: The triangular area present on the mount formed by the skin ridges (fine print patterns on the hand). The position of the apex reveals the quality of that mount.
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Angles on various parts of the hand have significant importance.
Angle of the thumb: is made up of the proximal joint and the outer angle of the thumb, if it is more prominent and it reveals excellent manual and technical skills.
Angle of generosity: The inner angle formed between the thumb and the index finger. The wider the angle the more generous the individual.
Modern terminology of Palmistry
CHIROGNOMY : The study of the shape of the hand.
CHIROMANCY: The study of the lines in the hand.
CHIROLOGY: The study of the hand, encompassing chirognomy and chiromancy.
Dermatoglyphics: (from Greek word: derma -skin, glyph -carving) is the scientific study of fingerprints, that refer to friction ridge formations which appear on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. The formation of ridge pattern of the skin begins to appear during the third and fourth month of foetal development.
Dominant hand: Active hand
Non-Dominant Hand: Passive hand
The Palmar surface:
Apex: The highest point of the mount under the fingers formed with the ridge lines. The position may be identified either by height of the flesh or by the location of the tri-radius.
Palmar: The palm side of the hand.
Ridge lines (or ridges): The raised portions of the patterns found in the palmar surfaces of the hands and fingers and the soles of the feet.
Papillary ridges: These are the skin ridges that form the dermatoglyphics.
Tri-radius: This meeting point where three ridge systems meet.
Triangles: The formation of ridge pattern may appear on the finger.
Triradii: The formation of ridge pattern on the hand specially close to the mounts . Digital triradii are known as A,B,C,D located at the base of Jupiter, Saturn, Sun and Mercury mounts, and the axial triradius known as T located at the base of palm and between the mount of Venus and Luna.
ATD Angle: Tri angle lines from A and D triradii to axial triadius T is known as ATD the angle. The degree of this ATD angle and number of ridge lines are used in the medical diagnosis.
High degree of ATD angle: If the ATD angle is more than 45 degrees; it is associated with heart defect, congenital heart disease or genetic disorder.
Ridge counter: Computer software which count ridge lines in the palm.
Ridge counts: This is a count of the number of ridges that cross a straight line, drawn between the triradius and the center of the pattern. Broken ridge lines: Medical significance related high level of stress.
Square: A pattern that shows protection, except when it appears on the Jupiter mount, where it reveals teaching ability Star: A marking that can appear on a line or mount, representing either shock or achievement.
Triangle: A marking that appears on the mounts and signifies success accompanied by wisdom.
Curved line of semi circle lines are found in various places of hand and give the name as per the placement in hand
Ring of Apollo: A curved line appears around the Apollo finger. It signifies a block to creativity.
Ring of Saturn: A semicircle/ curved line found at the base of the Saturn finger. that denotes pessimism. This line indicate a feeling of being trapped, and the semi-circular line may emphasize occult powers.
Ring of Solomon’s: Semicircular/curve/ straight lines in similar formation found on the mount of Jupiter. It is symbolizes wisdom, interest in the metaphysical, indicates healing tendencies and it is sometimes also called a caring line.
Girdle of Venus: A curved marking from the roots of the Saturn and Apollo fingers. Its presence suggests hypersensitivity.
General features of hand:
Consistency: The hardness or softness of the hand, flexibility and elastic¬ity of the hand
Texture: The skin texture, such as soft, rough, coarse, medium, scaly or clammy.
Colour: The color of palm may vary according to race and complexion. The colors range from white, pink, red, ash, yellow, brown and black.
Plain of Mars: This is the area present in the center of the palm between upper and lower Mars, it is asso¬ciated with reserves of energy, physical stamina, en¬durance, enthusiasm, and ability to relax.
Quadrangle: The area between the heart and headlines roughly bounded on the ulna side by the health or intuition line.
Type of hands (Major)
Earth: A hand type comprising of a square palm and short fingers.
Fire: A hand type comprising of a rectangular palm and short fingers
Air: A hand type comprising of a square palm and long fingers
Water: A hand type comprising of a rectangular palm and long fingers.
Flabby hand: The hand is characterized by a lack of muscular strength -offers no resistance to pressure, under-developed thyroid glands. It suggests an individual who has comforts and luxury but no willpower or self-discipline.
Soft hand: They are neither lazy nor dynamic -but energy can be developed through exercise of will power -the person has fine qualities of culture and virtue.
Elastic hand: More muscle power and less fat. These individuals tend to be reliable and have a positive personality; they are full of life and vitality, trust worthy and friendly and take on responsibility.
Hard hand: This type of hand has a strong resistance to pressure and these individuals tend to have an unreceptive mind; they are filled with an immense amount of energy which is able to expand further. They are likely to do physical labour.
Dorsal aspect of the hand: Refers to the back of the hand. Palmar aspect of hand: Refers to the palm, hand lines and dermatoghaphics (fine finger prints)
Ulnar: Medical terminology which refers to the ulna bone. The area of the hand is supplied by the ulnar nerve which innervates the little and part of the ring finger. (side of the little finger)
Radial: Medical terminology which refers to the radius bone. The area of the hand is supplied by the radial nerve which innervates the dorsal aspect of the thumb and first 3 fingers. (Side of the thumb)
Few experienced palmists are able to identify some medical problems by looking at their client's hands. If there are any concerns a medical practitioner should always be consulted. Some general information related to medical palmistry is described below. Cyanosis: Bluish discoloration found on hands or nails indicative of local circulatory disturbances or more serious congenital heart diseases or congestive heart failure.
Yellow nails: Shows the signs of liver problem.
Rubor: Indicates extreme redness, usually associated with increase in temperature of the hand resulting from blood vessel dilation. This may have emotional or medical significance. It may draw attention to heightened activity in a region of the subject's life indicated by the area where the rubor is observed.
Pink moon on the base of the thumb nail: Possibility of high cholesterol. Vertical lines on finger tips: Possibility in hormonal imbalance.
Vertical lines on Mercury finger tip: Possibility of thyroid imbalance.
Horizontal lines on finger tips: Possibility of stress and anxiety.
Hippocratic nails: Sometimes called watch glass nails. They are frequently found in connection with such ailments such as tuberculosis, lung tumors, chronic heart disease, and cirrhosis of the liver. The nails are lustrous and convex, curved in the shape of a watch crystal. After the disease is cured, the nails may return back to normal.
Beau's lines: Transverse ridges or dents found on the nails. These may be associated with acute infection, traumas, nutritional deficiencies, or nervous shock. The date of onset can be worked out roughly since nails grows out in about five to six months. Mee's lines: These are formed on the nails and are similar to Beau's lines. They are longitudinal (transverse) white lines not causing ridges or dents. They may indicate high fevers, arsenic poisoning, or coronary heart disease. They indicate high nutritional deficiency and lacking vital minerals.
Longitudinal nail ridges: These lines are suggestive of chronic stress, rheumatism, hyperthyroidism, as well as with long-standing skin disorders.
White Spots: These spots are related to nutritional deficiencies, particularly calcium deficiencies and to cirrhosis of the liver.
Line on Nails: The horizontal, longitudinal line may be observed on the nails.
Moons: The whitish half circles that form at the base of the fingernails. There is no significance if missing on small nails, but there may be an indication of a lack of energy, perhaps from deficiencies in the endocrine system if absent in larger nails. Misshapen or ragged moons also could indicate health problems.
Split Nails: Fungal infection in nail or emotional disturbance or lack of vital nutrients
Spoon nails: These nails are concave on the outer surface and may be found in nutritional deficiencies, skin disorders, hypothyroidism, and some other physical and mental health problems.
Spots: Can have health or emotional indications if found on nails or on lines.
Astro-palmistry:The combination astrology and palmistry is known as Astro-palmistry. The palmist of this art are able to lay out birth chart from the hand. Some Astro-palmists use astrology and palmistry for reading.
Vedic Palmistry: The origin of hand reading in Indian sub-continent. It was established in 2000 BC and is known as Samudik Shastra. Ancient Vedic literature of India shows that practice of hand reading was mentioned in the Vedas.
Bars: These are found on lines and formed by influence or cross-purpose lines indicating hindrances to the flow of energy in the dominant line crossed.
Branches: If they rise, they are good considered to uplift energy, if they fall they may be considered bad because they tend to downgrade energy.
Temples: A special sign formed by several lines indicating good luck or wealth.
Triangle- large: This is a composed of the head, life, and mercury lines; or in the absence of Mercury line, it reveals information on temperament intellect and application of knowledge.
Lines of the hand
The major lines in the palm are life line (vitality), head (mental ability), heart (emotional), and fate or Saturn (personality, career) lines. Sometimes the heart and head lines are combined and that is called a simian line. Sometimes the fate line is totally absent, The sun, mercury, or even Jupiter lines can become substitutes for the absence of the fate line, generally in that order.
The minor lines:
Include sun line, children lines, companion line, girdle of Venus, health line, influ¬ence line, intuition lines, double lines, attachment line, marriage line, mercury line, sun line, travel lines, worry lines, rings surrounding the mounts including Apollo, Saturn and Jupiter.
Life line: A major line that encircles the thumb, representing health and the quality of life.
Head line: A major line that crosses the palm horizontally, representing intellect.
Heart line: A major line that crosses the palm horizontally above the head line, representing emotions
Fate line: A major line that runs up the palm. It shows career progress and responsibilities.
Secondary lines: other than the major lines, these may or may not appear on the hand Line of Mars: A parallel to the life line located inside of the life line on the mount of Venus. There can be more than one and they can signify close, protective friendship or health protection. Also called the guardian angel line.
Mercury line: A secondary line that reaches the mount of Mercury. It depends on where it begins on the palm it signifies good health, good business sense and communication.
Sun line: Ending on the mount of Apollo it reveals creativity, happiness and fame.
Sydney line: A head line that travels right across the palm. It suggests hyperactivity, behavior disorder, this was discovered by a Sydney scientist.